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Difference Between FD and PPF

Difference Between FD and PPF

Difference Between FD and PPF

Opening a Fixed Deposit (FD) account has benefits like secure and assured returns. The interest rate on the deposit amount is independent of market fluctuations. You can also have the flexibility to select a term that suits your requirements for your fixed deposit. The advantage of having a PPF (Public Provident Fund) account is that it is low-risk because the Government of India supports the scheme.

fixed deposit is an investment scheme offered by banks or Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), and a Public Provident Fund is an investment opportunity by the Government of India. The lock-in period for a PPF is more extended than for an FD. An FD and a PPF are two top-rated options for individuals looking to invest in opportunities with minimal risk.

You can start an FD at a bank or NBFC and other financial centres. A PPF is a tax-saving investment option backed by the Government of India that you can avail of through a financial institution of your choice. Understanding the differences between the two will help you make a well-informed decision.

What is a PPF, and Who is it for?

A Public Provident Fund (PPF) is a government-based investment planning for the long term. You will have to maintain the account by paying an annual premium. You can use this PPF account as a retirement fund, support investments like education for your children, or other long-term goals.

If you are looking for safe returns over a long period, then PPF will suit you. The lock-in period for a PPF is 15 years, and you can extend it for five more years. Additionally, if you want to save tax, you can invest in a PPF and claim a tax deduction per Section 80C.

Benefits and Features of PPF

One of the best benefits of a PPF account is that you can claim tax benefits for any investments made towards the scheme. You can create a PPF account in a bank, NBFC or post office. Here are some of the main benefits you should keep in mind while considering investing in a PPF:

  • The risks involved in investing in a PPF are lowered because the Government of India supports the scheme.
  • Nominees can be added to the account.
  • Deposits can be made via demand draft, online transfer, cheque or cash.
  • The tenure of the scheme is 15 years.
  • The minimum amount that can be deposited is Rs. 500.
  • Tax benefits can be availed on this scheme.

What is an FD, and Who is it for?

A fixed deposit is a popular investment option that you can get from banks and NBFCs. Depending on your requirements, the term for this sort of deposit is flexible. You can use an FD calculator to find the exact maturity amount and interest payout for the amount you want to invest. The interest rate for an FD is generally higher than regular savings accounts, ranging between 8% to 9%, depending on the bank or NBFC.

You can choose a fixed deposit if you want a risk-free investment option. The returns on this type of investment are guaranteed, and the market fluctuation does not affect your investment. Shriram Finance Company offers an 9.20%* p.a. interest rate on a fixed deposit.

Benefits and features of FD

FD interest rates do not change with the market fluctuations, making it one of the safest investment schemes. Additionally, a tax-saving FD can help you save on tax under section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Here are some of the benefits you can get by investing in a fixed deposit:

  • Tax benefits can be availed on certain types of fixed deposits.
  • An additional rate of interest is offered to senior citizens.
  • You can get reinvest your FD over time to earn regular returns.
  • Returns are guaranteed.
  • Flexible term options are provided to suit your requirement.

How is the Interest Rate Calculated?

  • For PPF: The interest rate is decided by the Ministry of Finance. This interest rate is announced every quarter. The interest payments are made on March 31 of every year and are predetermined on the PPF balance. It would help if you remembered to make PPF deposits on or before the 5th of every month. This is because the interest is calculated based on the minimum balance in the account between the 5th and last day of every month.
  • For FD: The interest rate on a fixed deposit is predetermined when you start the account. The interest rate remains the same throughout the deposit. You can calculate the rate of interest using tools like an FD calculator.

Which type of investment is most suitable? (Conclusion)

After carefully considering all the factors, your decision should help you build a secure financial future. While an FD may be more secure, a PPF helps you achieve long-term goals. If your goal is to keep your money safe for the long term, PPF may prove beneficial.

An FD should suit your needs if you want a low-risk investment with decent returns. Ultimately the final decision depends on your financial and saving goals. However, with a Shriram Finance FD, you can open a secure account and get higher interest rates for your investments.


1. What is the best time to open a PPF account?

The start of the financial year, before April 5, is the best time to open a PPF account. This will result in interest accumulation for the whole year.

2. Why is PPF not suitable?

With a long-term lock-in investment tenure, you will not be able to access your funds for 15 years from the investment date.

Key Highlights:

  • If you are looking for safe returns over a long period, then an FD investment will be the best option.
  • You have the option of a flexible term for your FD investment.
  • A PPF is a low-risk investment because the Government of India supports the scheme.
  • The tenure for a PPF scheme is 15 years, whereas, for an FD, the tenure varies between 7 days – 60 months.
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